Specific Gravity of Liquids
 specific gravity of liquids  
Density, mass, SG of Liquids.
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The density of over 150 different liquids are listed below. While the data is useful for design, individual samples will differ. Temperature and purity will often have a marked influence.
As 1000kg of pure water @ 4C = 1 cubic metre, those materials under 1000kg/cubic metre will float; more dense will sink ie. those materials with a specific gravity more than 1. More detailed data on water is on another page.

Pure water at 4
C (max. density) was chosen as the 'base line' for specific gravity and given the value of 1.

Some other standards set pure water at 60
F as sg = 1 so it is more correct to state the base used.
The specific gravity of all other materials are compared to water as a fraction heavier or lighter density.
For example,
acetic acid has a specific gravity (sg) of 1.0491 while acetone has a sg of 0.785 (784.58 kg/cu.m) - see table below.
As specific gravity is just a comparison, it can be applied across any units. The density of pure water is also 62.4 lbs/cu.ft (pounds per cubic foot) and if we know that a sample of ethyl alcohol has a sg of 0.785 then we can calculate that its density is 0.785 x 62.4 = 49 lbs/cu.ft.
Note, kg/cu.m divided by 16.02 = lbs/cu.ft.
kg/cu.m divided by 1,000 = g/ml (grams per millilitre) and also = kg/L (1000g = 1 kg and 1000ml = 1 Litre)

[ density of materials ] [ density of wood ] [ density of metals ] [ density of water ]

Liquid
Temp
kg/cu.m
1,1,2-Trichlorotrifluoroethane
25 C
1564.00
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
20 C
1454.00
1,4-Dioxane
20 C
1033.60
2-Methoxyethanol
20 C
964.60
Acetic Acid
25 C
1049.10
Acetone
25 C
784.58
Acetonitrile
20 C
782.20
Alcohol, ethyl
25 C
785.06
Alcohol, methyl
25 C
786.51
Alcohol, propyl
25 C
799.96
Ammonia (aqua)
25 C
823.35
Analine
25 C
1018.93
Automobile oils
15 C
880 - 940
Beer (varies)
10 C
1010
Benzene
25 C
873.81
Benzil
25 C
1079.64
Brine
15 C
1230
Bromine
25 C
3120.40
Butyric Acid
20 C
959
Butane
25 C
599.09
n-Butyl Acetate
20 C
879.60
n-Butyl Alcohol
20 C
809.70
n-Butyl Chloride
20 C
886.20
Caproic acid
25 C
921.06
Carbolic acid
15 C
956.30
Carbon disulfide
25 C
1260.97
Carbon tetrachloride
25 C
1584.39
Carene
25 C
856.99
Castor oil
25 C
956.14
Chloride
25 C
1559.88
Chlorobenzene
20 C
1105.80
Chloroform
20 C
1489.20
Chloroform
25 C
1464.73
Citric acid
25 C
1659.51
Coconut oil
15 C
924.27
Cotton seed oil
15 C
925.87
Cresol
25 C
1023.58
Creosote
15 C
1066.83
Crude oil, 48 API
60 F
790
Crude oil, 40 API
60 F
825
Crude oil, 35.6 API
60 F
847
Crude oil, 32.6 API
60 F
862
Crude oil, California
60 F
915
Crude oil, Mexican
60 F
973
Crude oil, Texas
60 F
873
Cumene
25 C
860.19
Cyclohexane
20 C
778.50
Cyclopentane
20 C
745.40
Decane
25 C
726.28
Diesel fuel oil 20 to 60
15 C
820 - 950
Diethyl ether
20 C
714
o-Dichlorobenzene
20 C
1305.80
Dichloromethane
20 C
1326.00
Diethylene glycol
15 C
1120
Dichloromethane
20 C
1326.00
Dimethyl Acetamide
20 C
941.50
N,N-Dimethylformamide
20 C
948.70
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
20 C
1100.40
Dodecane
25 C
754.63
Ethane
-89 C
570.26
Ether
25 C
72.72
Ethylamine
16 C
680.78
Ethyl Acetate
20 C
900.60
Ethyl Alcohol
20 C
789.20
Ethyl Ether
20 C
713.30
Ethylene Dichloride
20 C
1253.00
Ethylene glycol
25 C
1096.78
Fluorine refrigerant R-12
25 C
1310.95
Formaldehyde
45 C
812.14
Formic acid 10% concentration
20 C
1025
Formic acid 80% concentration
20 C
1221
Freon - 11
21 C
1490
Freon - 21
21 C
1370
Fuel oil
60 F
890.13
Furan
25 C
1416.03
Furforol
25 C
1154.93
Gasoline, natural
60 F
711.22
Gasoline, Vehicle
60 F
737.22
Gas oils
60 F
890
Glucose
60 F
1350 - 1440
Glycerin
25 C
1259.37
Glyme
20 C
869.10
Glycerol
25 C
1126.10
Heptane
25 C
679.50
Hexane
25 C
654.83
Hexanol
25 C
810.53
Hexene
25 C
671.17
Hydrazine
25 C
794.52
Iodine
25 C
4927.28
Ionene
25 C
932.27
Isobutyl Alcohol
20 C
801.60
Iso-Octane
20 C
691.90
Isopropyl Alcohol
20 C
785.40
Isopropyl Myristate
20 C
853.20
Kerosene
60 F
817.15
Linolenic Acid
25 C
898.64
Linseed oil
25 C
929.07
Methane
-164 C
464.54
Methanol
20 C
791.30
Methyl Isoamyl Ketone
20 C
888.00
Methyl Isobutyl Ketone
20 C
800.80
Methyl n-Propyl Ketone
20 C
808.20
Methyl t-Butyl Ether
20 C
740.50
N-Methylpyrrolidone
20 C
1030.40
Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK)
20 C
804.90
MEK
25 C
802.52
Milk
15 C
1020 - 1050
Naphtha
15 C
664.77
Naphtha, wood
25 C
959.51
Napthalene
25 C
820.15
Ocimene
25 C
797.72
Octane
15 C
917.86
Olive oil
20 C
800 - 920
Oxygen (liquid)
-183 C 
1140
Palmitic Acid
25 C
850.58
Pentane
20 C
626.20
Pentane
25 C
624.82
Petroleum Ether
20 C
640.00
Petrol, natural
60 F
711.22
Petrol, Vehicle
60 F
737.22
Phenol
25 C
1072.28
Phosgene
0 C
1377.59
Phytadiene
25 C
823.35
Pinene
25 C
856.99
Propane
-40 C
583.07
Propane, R-290
25 C
493.53
Propanol
25 C
804.13
Propylene Carbonate
20 C
1200.60
Propylene
25 C
514.35
n-Propyl Alcohol
20 C
803.70
Propylene glycol
25 C
965.27
Pyridine
25 C
978.73
Pyrrole
25 C
965.91
Rape seed oil
20 C
920
Resorcinol
25 C
1268.66
Rosin oil
15 C
980
Sabiname
25 C
812.14
Sea water
25 C
1025.18
Silane
25 C
717.63
Sodium Hydroxide (caustic soda)
15 C
1250
Sorbaldehyde
25 C
895.43
Soya bean oil
15 C
924 - 928
Stearic Acid
25 C
890.63
Sulphuric Acid 95% conc.
20 C
1839
Sugar solution 68 brix
15 C
1338
Sunflower oil
20 C
920
Styrene
25 C
903.44
Terpinene
25 C
847.38
Tetrahydrofuran
20 C
888.00
Toluene
20 C
866.90
Toluene
25 C
862.27
Triethylamine
20 C
727.60
Trifluoroacetic Acid
20 C
1489.00
Turpentine
25 C
868.20
Water, pure (more temperatures)
4 C
1000.00
Water, sea
77 F
1021.98
Whale oil
15 C
925
o-Xylene
20 C
880.20


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" Home page
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"
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" Density of bulk materials
" Density of liquids
" Specific Gravity of water
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last modified : 8th. September 2007


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