specific gravity of liquids Density, mass, SG of Liquids.
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The density of over 150 different liquids are listed below. While the data is useful for design, individual samples will differ. Temperature and purity will often have a marked influence.
As 1000kg of pure water @ 4°C = 1 cubic metre, those materials under 1000kg/cubic metre will float; more dense will sink ie. those materials with a specific gravity more than 1. More detailed data on water is on another page.

Pure water at 4
°C (max. density) was chosen as the 'base line' for specific gravity and given the value of 1.

Some other standards set pure water at 60
°F as sg = 1 so it is more correct to state the base used.
The specific gravity of all other materials are compared to water as a fraction heavier or lighter density.
For example,
acetic acid has a specific gravity (sg) of 1.0491 while acetone has a sg of 0.785 (784.58 kg/cu.m) - see table below.
As specific gravity is just a comparison, it can be applied across any units. The density of pure water is also 62.4 lbs/cu.ft (pounds per cubic foot) and if we know that a sample of ethyl alcohol has a sg of 0.785 then we can calculate that its density is 0.785 x 62.4 = 49 lbs/cu.ft.
Note, kg/cu.m divided by 16.02 = lbs/cu.ft.
kg/cu.m divided by 1,000 = g/ml (grams per millilitre) and also = kg/L (1000g = 1 kg and 1000ml = 1 Litre)

[ density of materials ] [ density of wood ] [ density of metals ] [ density of water ]

 Liquid Temp kg/cu.m 1,1,2-Trichlorotrifluoroethane 25 C 1564.00 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 20 C 1454.00 1,4-Dioxane 20 C 1033.60 2-Methoxyethanol 20 C 964.60 Acetic Acid 25 C 1049.10 Acetone 25 C 784.58 Acetonitrile 20 C 782.20 Alcohol, ethyl 25 C 785.06 Alcohol, methyl 25 C 786.51 Alcohol, propyl 25 C 799.96 Ammonia (aqua) 25 C 823.35 Analine 25 C 1018.93 Automobile oils 15 C 880 - 940 Beer (varies) 10 C 1010 Benzene 25 C 873.81 Benzil 25 C 1079.64 Brine 15 C 1230 Bromine 25 C 3120.40 Butyric Acid 20 C 959 Butane 25 C 599.09 n-Butyl Acetate 20 C 879.60 n-Butyl Alcohol 20 C 809.70 n-Butyl Chloride 20 C 886.20 Caproic acid 25 C 921.06 Carbolic acid 15 C 956.30 Carbon disulfide 25 C 1260.97 Carbon tetrachloride 25 C 1584.39 Carene 25 C 856.99 Castor oil 25 C 956.14 Chloride 25 C 1559.88 Chlorobenzene 20 C 1105.80 Chloroform 20 C 1489.20 Chloroform 25 C 1464.73 Citric acid 25 C 1659.51 Coconut oil 15 C 924.27 Cotton seed oil 15 C 925.87 Cresol 25 C 1023.58 Creosote 15 C 1066.83 Crude oil, 48° API 60 F 790 Crude oil, 40° API 60 F 825 Crude oil, 35.6° API 60 F 847 Crude oil, 32.6° API 60 F 862 Crude oil, California 60 F 915 Crude oil, Mexican 60 F 973 Crude oil, Texas 60 F 873 Cumene 25 C 860.19 Cyclohexane 20 C 778.50 Cyclopentane 20 C 745.40 Decane 25 C 726.28 Diesel fuel oil 20 to 60 15 C 820 - 950 Diethyl ether 20 C 714 o-Dichlorobenzene 20 C 1305.80 Dichloromethane 20 C 1326.00 Diethylene glycol 15 C 1120 Dichloromethane 20 C 1326.00 Dimethyl Acetamide 20 C 941.50 N,N-Dimethylformamide 20 C 948.70 Dimethyl Sulfoxide 20 C 1100.40 Dodecane 25 C 754.63 Ethane -89 C 570.26 Ether 25 C 72.72 Ethylamine 16 C 680.78 Ethyl Acetate 20 C 900.60 Ethyl Alcohol 20 C 789.20 Ethyl Ether 20 C 713.30 Ethylene Dichloride 20 C 1253.00 Ethylene glycol 25 C 1096.78 Fluorine refrigerant R-12 25 C 1310.95 Formaldehyde 45 C 812.14 Formic acid 10% concentration 20 C 1025 Formic acid 80% concentration 20 C 1221 Freon - 11 21 C 1490 Freon - 21 21 C 1370 Fuel oil 60 F 890.13 Furan 25 C 1416.03 Furforol 25 C 1154.93 Gasoline, natural 60 F 711.22 Gasoline, Vehicle 60 F 737.22 Gas oils 60 F 890 Glucose 60 F 1350 - 1440 Glycerin 25 C 1259.37 Glyme 20 C 869.10 Glycerol 25 C 1126.10 Heptane 25 C 679.50 Hexane 25 C 654.83 Hexanol 25 C 810.53 Hexene 25 C 671.17 Hydrazine 25 C 794.52 Iodine 25 C 4927.28 Ionene 25 C 932.27 Isobutyl Alcohol 20 C 801.60 Iso-Octane 20 C 691.90 Isopropyl Alcohol 20 C 785.40 Isopropyl Myristate 20 C 853.20 Kerosene 60 F 817.15 Linolenic Acid 25 C 898.64 Linseed oil 25 C 929.07 Methane -164 C 464.54 Methanol 20 C 791.30 Methyl Isoamyl Ketone 20 C 888.00 Methyl Isobutyl Ketone 20 C 800.80 Methyl n-Propyl Ketone 20 C 808.20 Methyl t-Butyl Ether 20 C 740.50 N-Methylpyrrolidone 20 C 1030.40 Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK) 20 C 804.90 MEK 25 C 802.52 Milk 15 C 1020 - 1050 Naphtha 15 C 664.77 Naphtha, wood 25 C 959.51 Napthalene 25 C 820.15 Ocimene 25 C 797.72 Octane 15 C 917.86 Olive oil 20 C 800 - 920 Oxygen (liquid) -183 C 1140 Palmitic Acid 25 C 850.58 Pentane 20 C 626.20 Pentane 25 C 624.82 Petroleum Ether 20 C 640.00 Petrol, natural 60 F 711.22 Petrol, Vehicle 60 F 737.22 Phenol 25 C 1072.28 Phosgene 0 C 1377.59 Phytadiene 25 C 823.35 Pinene 25 C 856.99 Propane -40 C 583.07 Propane, R-290 25 C 493.53 Propanol 25 C 804.13 Propylene Carbonate 20 C 1200.60 Propylene 25 C 514.35 n-Propyl Alcohol 20 C 803.70 Propylene glycol 25 C 965.27 Pyridine 25 C 978.73 Pyrrole 25 C 965.91 Rape seed oil 20 C 920 Resorcinol 25 C 1268.66 Rosin oil 15 C 980 Sabiname 25 C 812.14 Sea water 25 C 1025.18 Silane 25 C 717.63 Sodium Hydroxide (caustic soda) 15 C 1250 Sorbaldehyde 25 C 895.43 Soya bean oil 15 C 924 - 928 Stearic Acid 25 C 890.63 Sulphuric Acid 95% conc. 20 C 1839 Sugar solution 68 brix 15 C 1338 Sunflower oil 20 C 920 Styrene 25 C 903.44 Terpinene 25 C 847.38 Tetrahydrofuran 20 C 888.00 Toluene 20 C 866.90 Toluene 25 C 862.27 Triethylamine 20 C 727.60 Trifluoroacetic Acid 20 C 1489.00 Turpentine 25 C 868.20 Water, pure (more temperatures) 4 C 1000.00 Water, sea 77 F 1021.98 Whale oil 15 C 925 o-Xylene 20 C 880.20

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